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共融式游戏场设计准则之研拟与应用

阅读量:02021-08-31作者:程于鸿来源:建筑及都市规划学门
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研究生: 程于鸿
研究生(外文): CHENG,YU-HONG
论文名称: 共融式游戏场设计准则之研拟与应用
论文名称(外文): A Study on the Applications of Guideline of Inclusive Playground
指导教授: 李英弘李英弘引用关係
指导教授(外文): LI, YING HUNG
口试委员: 叶源镒、杨文灿、徐逸祥
口试委员(外文): YE,YUAN-YI、YANG,WEN-TSAN、SHIU, YI-SHIANG
口试日期: 2021-07-12
学位类别: 硕士
校院名称: 逢甲大学
系所名称: 景观与游憩硕士学位学程
学门: 建筑及都市规划学门
学类: 景观设计学类
论文种类: 学术论文
论文出版年: 2021
毕业学年度: 109
语文别: 中文
论文页数: 181
中文关键词: 共融式游戏场、设计准则、游戏场检核
外文关键词: Inclusive Playground、Design Guidelines、Playground Checklist


儿童在成长的过程之中需要玩游戏,根据联合国《儿童权利公约》第12条,国家应确保有形成其自己意见能力之儿童有权就影响其本身之所有事物自由表示其意见。另外,根据联合国《身心障碍者权利公约》第30条,确保身心障碍儿童与其他儿童平等地参加游戏。因国内尚无较完整的共融式游戏场相关设计准则,因此本研究之目的在探讨国内外共融式游戏场设计文献与研究资料,拟定出共融式游戏场设计准则表,最后应用共融式游戏场设计准则表分析国内共融式游戏场设计之适宜性。
本研究收集分析之共融式游戏设计文献共计15篇,包括中文文献4篇,英文文献11篇。在15篇文献中,有11篇文献提到游戏场与身体能力之关係,有8篇文献提到游戏场与感知能力之关係,有9篇文献提到游戏场与社交能力之关係,有10篇文献提到游戏设备,有13篇文献提到游戏场之安全性。
通过文献回顾,本研究将共融式游戏场设计原则分为5项主要构面分别是「身体能力」、「感知能力」、「社交能力」、「游戏场设施」、「场域安全」。评估次构面共21项分别是平缓动作、激烈动作、视觉、触觉、听觉、嗅觉、合作学习、游戏互动、出入口设计、导览系统、场地边界、特殊需求空间、色彩计划、景观美化、各样式游具组合、游具使用空间、通用设计、游戏场动线铺面、游戏场动线路径、转接平台与台阶、国家标准与规范,细部评估指标共计80项。邀请产业机构、政府机构以及学术机构共11位专家们进行德尔菲专家问卷,确定评估构面、评估次构面以及评估指标之适宜性,最后通过权重分析得出各指标构面之权重值高低。
通过专家问卷,制定出共融式游戏场设计准则,主要构面为5项分别是「肢体能力」、「感知能力」、「社交会公平性」、「游戏场设施」、「场域安全」。评估次构面共 18 项分别是自身认识、平衡协调、视觉、触觉、听觉、合作学习、游戏互动、出入口设计、导览系统、场地边界、特殊需求空间、色彩计划、景观美化、各样式游具组合、游具使用空间、通用设计、无障碍动线设计、转接平台。评估指标共计 57 项。经权重分析得知,评估构面之权重分数从高到低分别是「场域安全」、「社会公平性」、「肢体能力」、「游戏场设施」、「感知能力」。评估指标以「通过由多个玩家玩耍的设备」,「增进孩子的社交情感、提供需要两个或更多人操作的设备」、「提供转接平台」、「提供转接台阶」、「游戏场的主要动线应能到达游戏场之各个区域」,这五项指标为最受到重视的共融式游戏设计原则。
最后利用共融式游戏场设计原则做出共融式游戏场检核表,利用检核表分析传统游戏场与共融式游戏场各构面权重分数,分析结果显示传统游戏场在感知能力以及社会公平性权重分数偏低,可知传统游戏场缺乏促进儿童五感发展以及能让不同能力儿童一同玩耍的游乐设施或游具。而共融式游戏场在5个构面分数均优于传统游戏场,相比传统游戏场,共融式游戏场能带来更加丰富的游戏体验以及不同能力的儿童们能平等的参与游戏。通过实际案例的分析显示此检索表具有良好的判别效度,建议后续可以应用本检核表检验不同类型之共融式游戏场之优缺点,并且可以进一步检视本检核表的适用性。


Children need to play games as they grow up, and according to article 12 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, States should ensure that children who are capable of forming their own opinions have the right to express their opinions freely on all matters affecting them. In addition, in accordance with article 30 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, children with physical and mental disabilities are ensured equal access to games with other children. The purpose of this study is to explore the literature and research data of the design of the inclusive playing field at home and abroad, and to formulate the design criteria table of the inclusive playing field. Finally, the suitability of the design of the inclusive playing field in China is analyzed by using the design criteria table of the inclusive playing field.
In this study, a total of 15 integrated game design literatures were collected and analyzed, including 4 Chinese literatures and 11 English literatures. Among the 15 articles, 11 articles mentioned the relationship between playground and physical ability, 8 articles mentioned the relationship between playground and perceptual ability, 9 articles mentioned the relationship between playground and social ability, 10 articles mentioned the playground equipment, and 13 articles mentioned the safety of playground.
Based on the literature review, this study divides the design principles of inclusive playgrounds into five main dimensions: "physical ability", "perceptual ability", "social ability", "playgrounds facilities" and "field safety". Evaluation time dimensions, a total of 21 items were smooth action, violent action, sight, touch, hearing, smell, cooperative learning and interactive games, inward and outward design, navigation system, site boundary, the special requirements for space, color planning, landscaping, various style move combination, and use a space, general design, the playground move line paving, playground move line path, the switching platform and steps , national standards and norms, a total of 80 detailed evaluation indicators. A total of 11 experts from industrial institutions, government institutions and academic institutions were invited to conduct the Delphi expert questionnaire to determine the suitability of evaluation dimensions, evaluation sub-dimensions and evaluation indicators. Finally, the weight value of each indicator dimension was obtained through weight analysis.
Through the Delephi Method, the design criteria of the inclusive playground were formulated, and the main aspects were "physical ability", "perceptual ability", "social fairness", "playground facilities" and "field safety". Assessment time dimensions, a total of 18 are respectively their own understanding, balance coordination, sight, touch, hearing, cooperative learning, games, interactive, inward and outward design, navigation system, site boundary, the special requirements for space, color planning, landscaping, various style move combination, and to use the space, universal design and barrier-free dynamic line design, transfer platform. A total of 57 evaluation indicators. According to the AHP, the weight scores of the evaluation dimensions from high to low were "field safety", "social fairness", "physical ability", "playground facilities" and "perceptual ability". Evaluation index by "by multiple players to play through the equipment", "enhance children's social emotional, need two or more people operate equipment", "provide switching platform", "provide the transfer steps", "the main line should be able to reach the playground playground regions", the five indicators for the attention of eutectic type of game design principles.
Finally, the integration play field check table is made by using the integration play field design principle, and the weight scores of each aspect of the traditional play field and the integration play field are analyzed by the check table. The analysis results show that the traditional play field has low weight scores in perceptual ability and social fairness. It can be seen that traditional playgrounds lack recreational facilities to promote the development of children's five senses and to allow children with different abilities to play together. However, the score of the integrated play field is better than that of the traditional play field in five aspects. Compared with the traditional play field, the integrated play field can bring more rich game experience and children with different abilities can participate in the game equally. It is suggested that this checklist can be used to test the advantages and disadvantages of different types of inclusive playgrounds, and the applicability of this checklist can be further examined.


志 谢 I
摘 要 II
ABSTRACT IV
目 录 VI
图目录 VII
表目录 X
第壹章 绪论1
第一节 研究动机及背景 1
第二节 研究目的 2
第三节 研究范围与对象 2
第四节 研究限制 2
第五节 研究名词定义 2
第六节 研究内容与流程 3
第贰章 文献回顾 5
第一节 游戏场历史概述 5
第二节 游戏对儿童的作用 8
第三节 共融式游戏场设计原则 9
第四节 案例分析 36
第叁章 研究方法 41
第一节 研究架构 41
第二节 研究设计 48
第肆章 实证分析 54
第一节 德尔菲问卷调查与分析 54
第二节 评估后指标权重分析 79
第三节 游戏场检核 93
第伍章 结论与建议 121
第一节 结论 121
第二节 建议 123
参考文献 125
附录一 感谢函 129
附录二 研究说明函 130
附录三 德尔菲专家问卷—第一回 131
附录四 德尔菲专家问卷—第二回 144
附录五 权重问卷 161


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